TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT(TKR)
1.What is Total Knee Replacement(TKR)?
TKR is surgery for severe arthritis of knee joints. In this surgery, degenerated portions of the bones (forming the knee joint; Femur, tibia, and patella) are removed and replaced by metals. These metals can be various types like cobalt-chromium, titanium, stainless steel, oxygenic. In Between The metal above(femur)and metal below (tibia) we apply a disc made of highly cross-linked polyethylene cushion.
2.Does anybody with arthritis of the kneejoint needs Total knee replacement(TKR)?
Only people with severe osteoarthritis of the knee and with significant pain that is affecting his or her day to day activities need Total Knee Replacement(TKR).
3. What is the time required for Surgery(TKR)?
1hr to 1 hr 15 mins generally.
4.What is the success rate of Total knee replacement ( TKR)?
Total knee replacement is an operation with a very high success rate. It is up to 98 to 99 percent.
5.What are the benefits of Total knee replacement (TKR)?
- It provides permanent pain relief.
- It improves the quality of walking by improving the deranged gait by correcting the deformed knee joints.
- It improves the sense of well being as a whole due to improved quality of life.
- It also helps in preventing or controlling some other ailments like diabetes mellitus, obesity, Low back pain, etc by improving the mobility of individuals.
6.What are the risks?
As we know, Total knee replacement (TKR) is an operation with a very high and predictable success rate, the risk is significantly less in this operation, and in the range of 1to 2 Percent. There is a 1 percent chance of infection, that too in uncontrolled diabetic patients.
7.Can both the knees be replaced on the same day in patients with bilateral severe arthritis?
Yes, in selected patients it can be done.
8.Is the surgery very painful?
With modern-day anesthetic techniques and medications, it is not very painful. In fact, pain is similar to any other surgery.
9.After the operation, when will the patient start to walk?
After 1 or 2 days following surgery. Generally, on the next day of surgery, the patient can sit, start knee flexion-extension, stand, or even start walking. After 48 hrs of surgery, the patient will start walking with the help of a walker. Thereafter he or she can start stair climbing also. The patient will need a walker for 15 to 30 days. Then he or she can walk independently.
10.How long patient will stay in the hospital?
3 to 5 days total from the day of operation. While going home, he or she will be able to walk with a walker, Will be able to go to the bathroom, and use the commode. Will be able to walk to the dining table. Will be able to climb stairs.
11.Is physiotherapy needed in the home?
Yes, for some patients particularly for elderly female patients 15 to 30 days physiotherapy is very beneficial.
12.How long a replaced knee persists after total knee replacement (TKR)?
Generally, it persists for 20 to 25 years. For any further questions and appointment please contact in below-mentioned details